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Atomic symbol - Mg
Atomic weight - 24.3050
Atomic number - 12
Electron configuration - 2-8-2
Oxidation states - +2
State of matter - solid
Light metal
Discovered in 1808 by Sir Humphry Davy
Boils at 1090 .C, melts at 649 .C

Burns with a brilliant white color. It is an important structual metal. It's
often used in either pure or alloyed form with aluminum in the construction of
aircraft, and other objects requiring light weight. Powdered magnesium is
sometimes used in place of aluminium in the thermite reaction.

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